Women and Men Abstract
Morning / Mourning
The original statue is located in Naharia, Israel. It was installed there in 1979.
The statue is a memorial, dedicated by Ilana Goor to Smadar Haran, who lost her family in a terror attack earlier that year.*
The feminine figure is awakening. She kneels on her knees placing her hands behind her nape: the first stretch of the morning.
This same position; the kneeling and the hands above the head, can also be regarded as mourning. Hence; this statue refers to both the grief, and to awakening from the grief, and overcoming.
The style of the statue is on the verge of geometrical, and is a bit exceptional in the overall view of Ilana Goor’s style. It is symmetrical and its form reminds the viewer two inversed triangulars touching each other’s apexes, a form that creates a connotation regarding the infinitive symbol. The meanings implicated as a result of this form connect it to the ideas of the new age. It can also be interpreted as a ritual figure.
* The 1979 Nahariya attack was a raid by four Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) in Nahariya, Israel on April 22, 1979. The group, consisting of Abdel Majeed Asslan, Mhanna Salim al-Muayed, and Ahmed al-Abras, and led by 16-year-old Samir Kuntar, used a small, 55 horsepower (41 kW) boat to travel from Tyre, Lebanon to Israel. Their goal was to attack Nahariya, 10 kilometers away from the Lebanese border. Around midnight they arrived at the coastal town of Nahariya.
Upon landing on the beach in Nahariya, the group followed instructions issued in Beirut – which included finding a police officer and killing him. They knocked on the door of a private house and called out in Arabic via the intercom, frightening the inhabitants into calling the police. Then, they killed Police officer Eliyahu Shachar who came across them.
The group then entered an apartment building on 61 Jabotinsky Street planning to abduct two or three people and take them back to Lebanon. In an attempt to break into an apartment one of the residents shot and killed one of the PLF men – Abdel Majeed Asslan. Next, Kuntar’s group encountered Moshe Sasson, a resident who was trying to reach the buildings bomb shelter carrying his two young daughters, one under each arm. Kuntar shoved Sasson and slammed a handgun into the back of his skull. However, Sasson escaped when the hall lights suddenly went out, and hid under a parked car. The three remaining militants then broke into the apartment of the Haran family. They took 31 year-old Danny Haran hostage along with his four year-old daughter, Einat. The mother, Smadar Haran, was able to hide in a crawl space above the bedroom with her two year-old daughter Yael, and a neighbor – Sasson’s wife. Kuntar’s group then took Danny and Einat down to the beach, where a shootout with Israeli policemen and soldiers erupted.
According eyewitnesses, when Kuntar’s group found that the rubber boat they’d arrived in was disabled by gunfire, Kuntar shot Danny at close range in the back, in front of his daughter, and drowned him in the sea to ensure he was dead. Next, according to forensic evidence and eyewitness court testimony, Kuntar killed the girl by smashing her skull against the rocks with the butt of his rifle. Smadar Haran accidentally suffocated Yael to death while attempting to quiet her whimpering, which would have revealed their hiding place. A second militant, Mhanna Salim Al-Muayed, was killed in the shootout on the beach. Kuntar and the fourth member of the group, Ahmed Assad Abras, were captured.
Kuntar and al-Abras were captured, convicted of murder by an Israeli court, and sentenced to several life sentences. Both were later exchanged in prisoner swap deals – al-Abras in 1985, and Kuntar in 2008.